Charles Batteux
Charles Batteux
    Charles Batteux
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Charles Batteux
    Abbé and writer on philosophy and aesthetics, b. near Vouziers, France, 6 May, 1713; d. at Paris, 14 July, 1780. He was professor at Paris of the humanities and rhetoric, then of Greek and Roman philosophy, and was made a member of the Academy of Inscriptions and of the Académie Française. His works on Epicurus and other Greek philosophers attracted much attention. At the time of his death he was issuing a large collection of memoirs on China; the series was continued by Bréquigny and de Guignes. Of Batteux's writings those that received at once the most praise and blame were the following three works: "Beaux-arts réduits à un même principe", "Cours de belles-lettres", and "Traité de la construction oratoire". These were issued later in five volumes under the common title: "Cours des belles-lettres", and in a new edition of six volumes, in 1824, as "Principes abrégés de la littérature".
    Following Aristotle, but taking at the same time a somewhat one-sided and superficial view of the philosopher's meaning, Batteux deduced art from the free imitation of nature, that is, from the free copying of nature in its beautiful forms. Utility is the aim of the mechanical arts; beauty, the end of the fine arts, and both utility and beauty the aim of the beautifying arts. Architecture and oratory belong to the last category. The arts aim to influence either sight or hearing and are divided, therefore, into two classes. Besides these the rhythmical arts, music and dancing, and, in addition, painting and poetry are closely related to one another. In these writings there is a lack of comprehensive definitions of the different arts; those given are often inexact and uncertain. Nevertheless, Batteux may be regarded as the real founder of aesthetics in France. Of his works devoted exclusively to rhetoric and poetry mention should be made of "Les quatres poétiques d'Aristot, d'Horace, de Vida, et de Boileau" in two volumes.
    Critical mention of Batteux may be found in: Necrologe des hommes celebres de France, XVI; Annee litteraire, 1780; Schasler, Gesch. der Zesthetik; Zimmermann, Gesch. der Aesthetik.
    G. GIETMANN
    Transcribed by Susan Birkenseer

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Charles Batteux — Charles Batteux, gen. Abbé Charles, (* 6. Mai 1713 in Alland huy bei Vouziers, Ardennes; † 14. Juli 1780 in Paris) war ein französischer Ästhetiker. Nach Abschluss seiner Schulzeit begann Batteux an der Universität Reims Theologie zu studieren.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Batteux — (May 6, 1713 – July 14, 1780) was a French philosopher and writer on aesthetics. Title page of Les Beaux Arts réduits à un même principe Batteux was born in Alland Huy et Sausseuil, Ardennes, and studied theology at Reims. In 1739 he came to… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Batteux — (Vouziers, 6 de mayo de 1713 París, 14 de julio de 1780) fue un filósofo francés. Estudió teología en Reims, trasladándose en 1739 a París, donde le fue concedida la cátedra de filosofía clásica del Collège de France. En 1746 publicó el tratado… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Charles Batteux — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Batteux. Page de titre de Les beaux arts réduits à un même principe, 1746 Charles Batteux, né à Alland huy, près de Vouziers (Arden …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Batteux — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Albert Batteux (1919–2003), französischer Fußballtrainer und Fußballspieler Charles Batteux (1713–1780), französischer Philosoph Hans Batteux (1885–1961), deutscher Sänger Diese Sei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Batteux —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Batteux est un patronyme qui peut désigner : Albert Batteux (1919 2003), footballeur français. Charles Batteux (1713 1780), homme d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Batteux, Charles — • Abbé and writer on philosophy and aesthetics, b. near Vouziers, France, 6 May, 1713; d. at Paris, 14 July, 1780 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Batteux — (spr. Battöh), Charles, geb. 1715 zu Allend huy bei Rheims, war seit 1725 Lehrer der Rhethorik zu Rheims u. später der griechischen Philosophie u. zuletzt der Beredtsamkeit zu Paris, wo er 1780 starb. B. ist Begründer der französischen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Batteux — (spr. tö), Charles, franz. Ästhetiker, geb. 16. Mai 1713 in Allend huy bei Reims, gest. 14. Juli 1780, ward 1750 Professor am königlichen Kollegium zu Paris, 1754 Mitglied der Akademie der Inschriften und 1761 der französischen Akademie. B. ward… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Batteux — (spr. töh), Abbé Charles, franz. Ästhetiker, geb. 6. Mai 1713 zu Alland huy bei Reims, Prof. an verschiedenen Kollegien in Paris, gest. 14. Juli 1780. Hauptwerk: »Cours de belles lettres« (5 Bde., 1765; deutsch von Ramler, 1798); er fordert… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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