Brunetto Latini
Brunetto Latini
    Brunetto Latini
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Brunetto Latini
    Florentine philosopher and statesman, born at Florence, c. 1210; the son of Buonaccorso Latini, died 1294.
    A notary by profession. Brunetto shared in the revolution of 1250, by which the Ghibelline power in Florence was overthrown, and a Guelph democratic government established In 1260, he was sent by the Commune as ambassador to Alfonso X of Castile, to implore his aid against King Manfred and the Ghibellines, and he has left us in his "Tesoretto", (II, 27-50), a dramatic account of how, on his return journey, he met a scholar from Bologna who told him that the Guelphs had been defeated at Montaperti and expelled from Florence. Brunetto took refuge at Paris, where a generous fellow-countryman enabled him to pursue his studies while carrying on his profession of notary. To this unnamed friend he now dedicated his "Trésor". After the Guelph triumph of 1266 and the establishment of a new democratic constitution, Brunetto returned to Florence, where he held various offices, including that of secretary to the Commune, took an active and honoured part in Florentine politics, and was influential in the counsels of the Republic. Himself a man of great eloquence, he introduced the art of oratory and the systematic study of political science into Florentine public life. He was buried in the church of Santa Maria Maggiore. Among the individuals who had come under his influence was the young Dante Alighieri, and, in one of the most pathetic episodes of the "Inferno" (canto XV) Dante finds the sage, who had taught him "how man makes himself eternal", among the sinners against nature.
    Brunetto's chief work, "Li Livres dou Trésor" is a kind of encyclopedia in which he "treats of all things that pertain to mortals". It was written in French prose during his exile, and translated into Italian by a contemporary, Bono Giamboni. Mainly a compilation from St. Isidore of Seville and other writers, it includes compendiums of Aristotle's "Ethics" and Cicero's treatise on rhetoric. The most interesting portion is the last, "On the Government of Cities", in which the author deals with the political life of his own times. The "Tesoretto", written before the "Trésor", is an allegorical didactic poem in Italian, which undoubtedly influenced Dante. Brunetto finds himself astray in a wood, speaks with Nature in her secret places, reaches the realm of the Virtues, wanders into the flowery meadow of Love, from which he is delivered by Ovid. He confesses his sins to a friar and resolves to amend his life, after which he ascends Olympus and begins to hold converse with Ptolemy. It has recently been shown that the "Tesoretto" was probably dedicated to Guido Guerra, the Florentine soldier and politician who shares Brunetto's terrible fate in Dante's Inferno. Brunetto also wrote the "Favolello", a pleasant letter in Italian verse to Rustico di Filippo on friends and friendship. The other poems ascribed to him, with the possible exception of one canzone, are spurious.
    EDMUND G. GARDNER
    Transcribed by Michael C. Tinkler

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Brunetto Latini — (Florence, v. 1220 1294) fut notaire, philosophe et chancelier de la république florentine au XIIIe siècle. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Activité politique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Brunetto Latini — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Brunetto Latini ( 1220 1294) fue notario, filósofo, y canciller de la república florentina. Brunetto Latini es un personaje clave del pensamiento político humanista de la Edad Media central. Él se desarrolla en un… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Brunetto Latini — (c. 1220 ndash;1294) (signed his name Burnectus Latinus in Latin and Burnecto Latino in Italian) was an Italian philosopher, scholar and statesman.LifeBrunetto Latini was born in Florence in 1220, the son of Buonaccorso Latini. He belonged to the …   Wikipedia

  • Brunetto Latini — (* um 1220 in Florenz; † 1294) war ein italienischer Staatsmann, Gelehrter und Schriftsteller, bekannt auch als Lehrer und väterlicher Freund Dantes. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Werkausgaben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Brunetto Latini — (Brunetto Latini1220 1294) fue notario, filosófo, y canciller de la república florentina. Brunetto Latini es un personaje clave del pensamiento político humanista de la Edad Media central. Él se desarrolla en un medio intelectual laico con cuyo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Brunetto Latīni — Brunetto Latīni, ital. Staatsmann, Gelehrter und Dichter, geb. zwischen 1210 und 1230 in Florenz, gest. 1294 oder 1295, war 1245 Notar, ward 1260 von der Guelfenpartei seiner Vaterstadt zu Alfons von Kastilien gesandt, nach ihrer Niederlage in… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Brunetto Latini — Brunetto Latīni, ital. Staatsmann und Gelehrter, geb. um 1210 zu Florenz, Freund Dantes, lebte sieben Jahre verbannt in Frankreich, gest. nach 1294; schrieb in franz. Sprache die Enzyklopädie »Li livres dou trésor« (Ausg. von Chabeille 1863), in… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • BRUNETTO-LATINI —    an Italian writer, who played an important part among the Guelfs, and was obliged to flee to Paris, where he had Dante for a pupil (1220 1294) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Latini — Brunetto Latini (* um 1220 in Florenz; † 1294) war ein italienischer Staatsmann, Gelehrter und Schriftsteller, bekannt auch als Lehrer und väterlicher Freund Dantes. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Werkausgaben 4 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LATINI (B.) — LATINI BRUNO ou BRUNETTO (1220 env. env. 1294) Le renom en France de l’Italien Brunetto Latini vient de ce qu’il a composé son Trésor en français, déclarant que c’était «parler plus délectable et plus commun à toutes gens». Mais son cas fait… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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