Barnaba Oriani
Barnaba Oriani
    Barnaba Oriani
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Barnaba Oriani
    Italian Barnabite and astronomer, b. at Carignano, near Milan, 17 July, 1752; d. at Milan, 12 November, 1832. After receiving an elementary education in his native town, he studied at the College of San Alessandro, Milan, where he was educated and supported by the Barnabites. He later joined the Barnabites, and, after studying the humanities, physical and mathematical sciences, philosophy, and theology, was ordained priest at the age of twenty-three. Specially interested in astronomy, he was shortly after his ordination (1776) appointed on the staff of the Observatory of Brera in Milan. He became assistant astronomer in 1778, and director in 1802. In 1778 he began to publish the dissertations on astronomical subjects which form an important part of the original memoirs appearing in the "Effemeridi di Milano" during the next fifty-two years. His work soon attracted considerable attention, and in 1785 a notable memoir containing his calculation of the orbit of Uranus and a table of elements for that planet won for him a prominent place among the astronomers of his time. He was admitted to membership in numerous learned societies, and offered the position of professor of astronomy at Palermo, which, however, he did not accept. In the following year he travelled throughout Europe at the expense of the state, visiting the chief observatories. When Napoleon set up the republic in Lombardy, Oriani refused absolutely to swear hatred towards monarchy; the new government modified the oath of allegiance in his regard, retained him in his position at the observatory, and made him president of the commission appointed to regulate the new system of weights and measures. When the republic was transformed into the Napoleonic kingdom Oriani received the decorations of the Iron Crown and of the Legion of Honour, was made count and senator of the kingdom, and was appointed in company with De Cesaris, to measure the arc of the meridian between the zeniths of Rimini and Rome. He was a devoted friend of the Theatine monk Piazzi, the discoverer of Ceres, and for thirty-seven years cooperated with him in many ways in his astronomical labours. Besides his constant contributions to the "Effemeridi di Milano", he published a series of important memoirs on spherical trigonometry (Memorie dell' Istituto Italiano, 1806-10) and the "Istruzione suelle misure e sui pesi" (Milan, 1831).
    GABBA in TIPALDO, Italiani Illustri, III (Venice, 1836), 473-81; POGGENDORF, Handwörterbuch zur Gesch. der exacten Wissenschaften, II (Leipzig, 1863); CACCIATORE AND SCHIAPPARELLI, Correspondenza Astronomica fra Giuseppe Piazzi e Barnaba Oriani (Milan, 1874), introduction.
    EDWARD C. PHILLIPS
    Transcribed by Thomas J. Bress

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barnaba Oriani — Born July 17, 1752(1752 07 17) Garegnano, Milan …   Wikipedia

  • Barnaba Oriani — (* 17. Juli 1752 in Carignano; † 12. November 1832 in Brera, Mailand) war ein italienischer Astronom und Wissenschaftler. Nach der Grundschule in Carigniano studierte er mit der Unterstützung der Barnabiten in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barnaba Oriani — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Oriani. Barnaba Oriani Naissance 15 avril 1753 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oriani — ist der Nachname folgender Personen: Alfredo Oriani (1852 1909), italienischer Schriftsteller Barnaba Oriani (1752 1832), italienischer Astronom Carlo Oriani (1888 1917), italienischer Radrennfahrer Diese Seite ist eine Begr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oriani —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Oriani est un patronyme italien, porté par les personnes suivantes, de nationalité italienne ou d origine italienne : Barnaba Oriani… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oriani, Barnaba — • Italian Barnabite and astronomer (1752 1832) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Barnabus Oriani — Barnaba Oriani Barnaba Oriani Barnaba Oriani est un scientifique et astronome italien, né le 17 juillet 1752 à Carignano, et décédé le 12 novembre 1832 à Milan (Italie). L astéroïde (4540) Oriani porte son nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 4540 Oriani — Oriani Discovery and designation Discovered by Oss. San Vittore Discovery site Bologna Discovery date November 6, 1988 Designations …   Wikipedia

  • Suite Oriani — (Рим,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via Barnaba Oriani 92, Фламинио, 00197 Рим, Италия …   Каталог отелей

  • Liste der Entdecker des NGC/IC-Katalogs — Diese Liste bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. Die folgende Tabelle ist eine Auflistung der Entdecker welche im NGC Katalog und im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”