Avempace
Avempace
Arabian philosopher, physician, astronomer, mathematician, and poet, b. at Saragossa towards the end of the eleventh century; d. at Fez, 1138

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Avempace
    Avempace
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Avempace
    (Ibn Badsha, or Ibn Badja, called by the Scholastics Aven-Pace and Avempace).
    Arabian philosopher, physician, astronomer, mathematician, and poet, b. at Saragossa towards the end of the eleventh century; d. at Fez, 1138. In 1118 he was at Seville, where he wrote several treatises on logic. Later, he went to Granada and to Africa. He was, according to Arabian accounts, poisoned by rival physicians. He wrote treatises on mathematics, medicine, and philosophy, and commented on several of Aristotle's works, notably on the "Physics", "Meteorologica", "De Generatione et Corruptione", portions of "Historiae Animalium" and "De Partibus Animalium". His works on philosophy included logical treatises, a work "On the Soul", "The Hermit's Guide" (Munk translates the title "Regime du Solitaire"), "On the Union of the Intellect with Man", and a "Valedictory Letter" (Cited in Latin as "Epistola de Discessu" and "Epistola Expeditionis"). Avempace's logical treatises are said to exist in MSS. In the Escorial Library. His other writings are either lost or still undiscovered. Fortunately, however, a Jewish writer of the fourteenth century, Moses of Narbonne, has left us an account of "The Hermit's Guide", which supplements Averroes' unsatisfactory allusions to that work, and enables us to describe the doctrines it contains. The aim of the treatise is to show how man (the hermit) may, by the development of his own powers of mind, attain a union with the Active Intellect. (See "Arabian School of Philosophy"). Avempace distinguishes two kinds of action: animal action, which is a product of the animal soul, and human action, which is a product of the human soul, that is of free will and reflection. The man who smashes a stone because it has hurt him performs an animal action; but he who smashes the stone so that is will not injure others performs a human action. Now, the first step in the moral education of the hermit is to teach himself to be ruled by will and reason, so that his actions may all be human. That, however, is only the first step. Having attained it, the hermit must strive to higher perfection, so that his actions may become divine. He must strive to come in contact with the spiritual forms, which ascend in increasing degrees of incorporeity from the ideas of the individual soul up to the Actual Intellect itself, above which are only the forms of celestial bodies, that is to say, spiritual substances which, while they have an important cosmic function, have no relation to moral excellence in man. Through ideas, therefore, to the ideas of ideas, through these to abstract ideas of things, and through these last, to the pure form of the Active Intellect — this, according to Avempace, is the way of perfection. The mind which has come into contact with the Active Intellect becomes itself an intellect, the Acquired Intellect (Intellectus Adeptus). It is in reference to this last point that the Schoolmen, notably Albert the Great and St. Thomas Aquinas, mention Avempace and his teaching. Their acquaintance with the author of "The Hermit's Guide" was made, probably, through his disciple and admirer Averroes, through certain passages in the "Contra Gentiles" would justify the surmise that St. Thomas had perhaps a firsthand acquaintance with the "Epistola Expeditionis".
    Munk, Melanges de philosophie juive et arabe (Paris, 1859), 410-418; Munk, in Dictionnaire des science philosophiques (Paris, 1844-52), s. v. Ibn-Badja; St. Thomas, Contra Gentiles, II, 41; Casiri, Bibliotheca Arabo-hispana (Madrid, 1760), I, 179; Ueberweg-Heinze, Gesch. Der Phil., II, 9th ed. 249 sqq., tr. I, 414; Stockl, Gesch. Der Phil. D.M.A. (Mainz, 1865), II, 58 sqq.
    WILLIAM TURNER
    Transcribed by Susan Birkenseer

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • AVEMPACE° — (Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Yahya ibn Bajja, called Ibn al Şāʾigh; d. 1138), Muslim philosopher, born in Saragossa; lived in Seville, Granada, and Fez where he died supposedly as the result of an accusation of heresy. He was a celebrated philosopher,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Avempace — Avempace, Ibn Baja (ابن باجة en arabe) ou Abu Bakr Mohammed ben Yahya ben as Sayegh (أبو بكر محمد بن يحيى بن الصايغ), philosophe, médecin, astronome, géomètre, musicien et poète andalou, né à Saragosse vers 1085, et mort empoisonné à Fès vers… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Avempace — (eigentl. Ibn Badscha), der früheste Philosoph unter den spanischen Arabern, geb. in Saragossa gegen das Ende des 11. Jahrh., lebte zu Granada, dann als Arzt in Marokko am Hofe der Almoraviden, starb 1138 in hohem Alter in Fes. Als Philosoph hat… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Avempace —   [ paːtse], arabischer Philosoph, Mathematiker und Arzt, Ibn Badjdja …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Avempace — Ibn Bayyah (ابن باجة) de nombre completo Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Yahya ibn al Sa ig ibn Bayyah (أبو بكر محمد بن يحيى بن الصايغ), más conocido como Avempace, fue un filósofo de Al Ándalus, nacido en Zaragoza, capital de la Taifa de Saraqusta, hacia… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Avempace — ▪ Spanish Muslim philosopher also called  Ibn Bājjah , in full  Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Yaḥyā ibn as Sāyigh at Tujībī al Andalusī as Saraqustī  born c. 1095, , Zaragoza, Spain died 1138/39, Fès, Mor.       earliest known representative in Spain of… …   Universalium

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  • Ibn Bagiah — Avempace …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Αβεμπάτσε — (Avempace, 11ος αι.).Ισπανοάραβας φιλόσοφος, επιστήμονας και ποιητής. Αν και έφτασε σε διάφορα υψηλά αξιώματα, τελικά έπεσε σε δυσμένεια για τις φιλελεύθερες ιδέες του. Αργότερα τον προσέλαβαν ως γιατρό στα ανάκτορα του Φεζ, όπου κάποιος… …   Dictionary of Greek

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