Auguste Nicolas
Auguste Nicolas
    Auguste Nicolas
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Auguste Nicolas
    French apologist, b. at Bordeaux, 6 Jan., 1807; d. at Versailles 18 Jan., 1888. He first studied law, was admitted as an advocate and entered the magistracy. From 1841-49 he was justice of the peace at Bordeaux; as early as 1842 he began the publication of his apologetical writings which soon made his name known among Catholics. When in 1849 M. de Falloux became minister of public worship he summoned Nicolas to assist him as head of the department for the administration of the temporal interests of ecclesiastical districts. He held this office until 1854 when he became general inspector of libraries. In 1860 he was appointed judge of' the tribunal of the Seine and finally councillor at the Paris court of appeals.
    Nicolas employed his leisure and later his retirement to write works in defense of Christianity taken as a whole or in its most important dogmas. He showed his accurate conception of apologetics by adapting them to the dispositions and the needs of the minds of his time, but he lived in a period when Traditionalism still dominated many French Catholics, and this is reflected in his works. He aimed no doubt at defending religion by means of philosophy, good sense, and arguments from authority; but he also often appeals to the traditions and the groping moral sense of man-kind at large. The testimonies, however, which he cites, are often apocryphal and frequently also he interprets them uncritically and ascribes to them a meaning or a scope which they do not possess. Besides, his apologetics speedily grew out-of-date when ecclesiastical and critical studies were revived in France and elsewhere. His writings also betray at times the layman lacking in the learning and precision of the theologian, and some of his books were in danger of being placed on the Index. Some bishops, however, among them Cardinals Donnet and Pie, intervened in his behalf and certified to the uprightness of his intentions. Otherwise the author addressed himself to the general public and especially to the middle classes which were still penetrated with Voltairian incredulity, and he succeeded in reaching them. His books were very successful in France and some of them even in Germany, where they were translated. Among his works may be mentioned: "Etudes philosophiques sur le Christianisme" (Paris, 1841-45), a philosophical apology for the chief Christian dogmas, which reached a twenty-sixth edition before the death of the author; "La Vierge Marie et le plan divin, nouvelles études philosophiques sur le Christianisme" (4 vols., Paris, 1852, 1853, 1861), in which is explained the ro1e of the Blessed Virgin in the plan of Redemption, and which was translated into German, and reached the eighth edition during the author's lifetime; "Du protestantisme et de toutes les hérésies dans leur rapport avec le socialisme" (Paris, 1852, 2 vols., 8 editions), "L'Art de croire,ou préparation philosophique au Christianisme" (Paris, 1866-67), translated into German; "La Divinité de Jéésus Christ, démonstration nouvelle" (1864); "Jésus Christ introduction à l'Evangile étudié et medité à l'usage des temps nouveaux" (Paris, 1875). As semi-religious and semi-political may be mentioned: "La Monarchie et la question du drapeau" (Paris, 1873); "La Révolution et l'orde chrétien" (Paris, 1874); "L'Etat contre Dieu" (Paris, 1879); "Rome et la Papauté" (Paris, 1883); and finally the works in historico-philosophic vein: "Etude sur Maine de Biran" (Paris, 1858); "Etude sur Eugénie de Guérin" (Paris, 1863); "Mémoires d'un père sur la vie et la mort de son fils" (Paris, 1869); "Etude historique et critique sur le Père Lacordaire" (Toulouse, 1886).
    LAPEYRE, Auguste Nicolas, sa vie et ses aeuvres d'apres ses Memoires inedits, ses papiers et sa correspondance (Paris, 1892).
    ANTOINE DEGERT
    Transcribed by Joseph E. O'Connor

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Auguste Nicolas — (6 January 1807 – 18 January 1888) was a French Roman Catholic apologetical writer. Contents 1 Life 2 Works 3 Works 4 References Life Nico …   Wikipedia

  • Auguste Nicolas Pomel — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Auguste Nicolas Pomel (20 de septiembre de 1821 1898) fue un naturalista, geólogo y paleontólogo francés. Pomel nace en Issoire. Trabaja como ingeniero en minas, en Argelia y se desarrolla como especialista en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Auguste Nicolas Eugène Millon — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Auguste Nicolas Eugène Millon fue un químico francés nacido en 1812, profesor en el hospital militar Val de Grace de París y jefe farmaceútico del ejército de África. Descubrió los cloritos y determinó la composición …   Wikipedia Español

  • Auguste Nicolas Eugène Millon — (* 1812 in Châlons sur Marne; † 1867 in Saint Seine l’Abbaye) war ein Professor für Chemie am Militärhospital Val de Grâce. Nach ihm ist die Millon sche Reaktion benannt. Normdaten: PND: 101352433 (PICA) | LCCN: n2001062234 | …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Auguste-Nicolas Cain — Jardin des Tuileries, Paris Auguste Nicolas Caïn (* 4. November 1822 in Paris; † 6. August 1894 ebenda) war ein französischer Tierbildhauer und Medailleur. Caïn erlernte anfangs das Metzgerhandwerk, wurde dann aber Schüler des Holzbildhauers… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Auguste-Nicolas Caïn — Tigre et crocodile, jardin des Tuileries, Paris Auguste Nicolas Caïn (* 4. November 1822 in Paris; † 6. August 1894 ebenda) war ein französischer Tierbildhauer und Medailleur. Caïn erlernte anfangs das Metzgerhandwerk, wurde dann aber Schüler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Auguste Nicolas Cain — Jardin des Tuileries, Paris Auguste Nicolas Caïn (* 4. November 1822 in Paris; † 6. August 1894 ebenda) war ein französischer Tierbildhauer und Medailleur. Caïn erlernte anfangs das Metzgerhandwerk, wurde dann aber Schüler des Holzbildhauers… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Auguste-Nicolas Vaillant — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Vaillant. Auguste Nicolas Vaillant (né le 2 juillet 1793 à Paris et décédé dans la même ville le 1er novembre 1858) contre amiral, marin français qui fut également Ministre de la Marine. Biographie Fils d un …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Auguste Nicolas Lenoir — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lenoir. Auguste Nicolas Lenoir, né à Paris en 1776, militaire français. Engagé volontaire à l âge de 16 ans, en 1793, dans un bataillon de Paris; il fit les campagnes de la Première République française pendant… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Auguste Nicolas Pomel — Auguste Pomel Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pomel. Nicolas Auguste Pomel est un paléontologiste et un géologue français, né le 20 septembre 1821 à Issoire et mort en 1896. Il travaille comme ingénieur des mines en Algérie et devient un… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”