Ave Regina
Ave Regina
An antiphon so called from its first line, Ave regina caelorum (Hail, Queen of Heaven)

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Ave Regina
    Ave Regina
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Ave Regina
    An antiphon so called from its first line, Ave regina caelorum (Hail, Queen of Heaven). It is one of the four Antiphons of the Blessed Virgin sung in the Divine Office in turn throughout the year, and is assigned thus from Compline of 2 February (even when the Feast of the Purification is transferred) to Holy Thursday exclusively. It comprises two stanzas of four lines each, followed by its own versicle and response and prayer. Its date of composition is uncertain, but the conjecture of Stella (Inst. Liturg., Rome, 1895) that it antedates the fourth century seems to be without any warrant of external or internal evidence. It is found in the St. Alban's Book of the twelfth century; in a Munich manuscript thought by Daniel to be of the thirteenth: in a Sarum Breviary of the fourteenth; and in York and Roman Breviaries of the fifteenth. Th. Bernard [Le Breviaire (Paris, 1887), II, 454 sqq.] says it was introduced into the Divine Office by Clement VI in the fourteenth century. He gives a commentary and thinks he can perceive in it elements of the "noble accents ... aspirations of many Doctors, such as St. Athanasius, St. Ephrem, St. Ildephonsus". Said during Septuagesima, Lent, Passiontide, the time, namely, of preparation for Easter, it recalls the part Mary had in the drama of the reopening of Heaven to men and shows her as reigning there Queen of Angels. Its opening line was sometimes quoted as the first line of hymns and sequences in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries (cf. Dreves and Blume Analecta Hymnica, I, 94; X, 103; XXX, 238; XXXII, 43; XLVI, 136) which, however, had no other relation with the antiphon, being sometimes meditations on the Ave Maria, sometimes distinct poetical compositions, for example:
    Ave regina caelorum Pia virgo tenella, Maria (virgo), flos florum Christi (que) clausa cella. Gratia, quae peccatorum Dira tulisti bella
    and so on, throughout the whole of the Angelical Salutation down to ventris tui, where the poem ends (manuscript of fourteenth century) (loc. cit., XLVI, 136).
    Or, as a distinct hymn:
    Ave. regina caelorum, Ave. decus angelorum, Ave. gaudium sanctorum, Ave. solis regia,
    in a manuscript of the fifteenth century (loc. cit., XL, 98).
    The Ave Regina has been translated by Caswall, "Lyra Catholica" (London, 1849, 1873, 1884; New York, 1851), whose version is used in the "Manual of Prayers" (Baltimore), 77: "Hail, O Queen of Heaven enthroned"; also by Beste, "Church Hymns" (1849): "Hail, thou mighty Queen of Heaven". The version in the Marquess of Bute's "Breviary" (Edinburgh, 1879, I, 177) begins: "Hail, O Maris Queen of Heaven". Schlosser [Die Kirche in lhren Liedern (Freiburg, 1863), I, 251] gives a translation into German in the same rnetre. The plain-song melody in the 6th tone has also a simpler setting ["Manuale Missae et Officiorum" (Rome and Tournai, 1903), 100, 103].
    H.T. HENRY
    Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ave Regina — est une prière catholique dédiée à la Vierge Marie, de Ave, « Salut », et Regina, « reine ». L Ave Maria est beaucoup plus courant. C est une des quatre antiennes mariales chantées dans l office divin pendant toute l année.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ave Regina Cælorum — Ave Regina Catholicisme Religions sœurs (branches) Catholicisme · Orthodoxie · Protestantisme Spécificités Église catholique romaine · Histoire de l Église catholique romaine Spécificités T …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ave Regina Cœlorum — Ave Regina Catholicisme Religions sœurs (branches) Catholicisme · Orthodoxie · Protestantisme Spécificités Église catholique romaine · Histoire de l Église catholique romaine Spécificités T …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ave Regina Caelorum — is one of four Marian antiphons, with following versicles and prayers, traditionally said or sung after each of the canonical hours of the Liturgy of the Hours. The prayer is used especially after Compline, the final canonical hour of prayer… …   Wikipedia

  • Ave regina caelorum —   [lateinisch »sei gegrüßt, du Königin der Himmel«], eine Marianische Antiphon, vom 2. Februar bis zur Karwoche verwendet, seit dem 12. Jahrhundert nachweisbar. Der Verfasser ist unbekannt …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ave Regina Coelorum — Madonna von Jan van Eyck Das Ave Regina Coelorum, lat. Ave Regina Caelorum [1], ist die marianische Antiphon, die im Stundengebet der katholischen Kirche in der Fastenzeit entweder nach der Vesper …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ave Regina Caelorum — Madonna von Jan van Eyck Das Ave Regina Caelorum (lat.), in Mittellatein verbreitet auch Ave Regina Coelorum geschrieben, ist die marianische Antiphon, die im Stundengebet der katholischen Kirche in der Fastenzeit entweder nach der Vesper oder… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ave regina caelorum — Ave re|gi|na cae|lo|rum [ a:ve tsɛ...] <lat. ; »Gegrüßet seist du, Königin der Himmel«> eine ↑marianische Antiphon …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Ave Regina Coelorum — /ah vay ri jee neuh che lawr euhm, lohr / a Latin hymn in honor of the Virgin Mary as Queen of Heaven. [lit., Hail, Queen of Heaven] * * * …   Universalium

  • Ave Regina Coelorum —    See Votive Antiphon …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”