Archdiocese of Quito
Archdiocese of Quito
    Archdiocese of Quito
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Archdiocese of Quito
    (QUITENSIS)
    The city of Quito, formerly known as San Francisco de Quito, capital of the Republic of Ecuador, is situated 14' south of the Equator, and 114 miles inland from the Pacific Ocean. It stands at an elevation of about 9300 feet, and has a population of some 70,000, mostly mestizos. It was the capital of the Incas Huaynacapac and Atahualpa, and was burnt by Rumiñahui in 1533. Sebastián de Belalcázar captured Quito the following year. In 1541 it was made a city by Charles V; in 1565 it became the headquarters of a separate Franciscan province. Quito formed part of Peru till 1718, when it was included in Nueva Granada. The seminary in charge of the Jesuits was the centre of ecclesiastical studies for all middle and northern South America. The Dominicans and Augustinians had high schools in Quito. In 1735 the city was ruined by an earthquake. Independence was declared there on 19 August, 1809; and the following year witnessed a terrible massacre of the nobility, even women and children being put to the sword. President Montes defeated the patriots two years later in the Panecillo; Sucre gained his great victory hard by in 1822. In 1829 Quito became the capital of Ecuador.
    The city is built on very uneven ground, and the streets run in parallel lines. The most important square is the Plaza Mayor, on the southern side of which is the cathedral, on the eastern the city ball, and on the western the government house. The square was turned into a beautiful garden by President Garcia Moreno, who was assassinated here 6 Aug., 1875. Quito is remarkable for its many beautiful churches, especially the old seventeenth-century Jesuit Church of Santa Ana, San Francisco, La Merced, and El Sagrario. The present university, which was founded by Sixtus V and Philip II in 1586, but opened only in 1621 by the Jesuits, still occupies a portion of the old Jesuit college and has an excellent library, formed in part from that of the San Luis seminary. There are 32 professors and 216 students. The observatory was erected under the direction of the celebrated astronomer Father Menten. García Moreno invited the German Jesuits to lecture in the university; they have since been expelled by the Masonic parties. The College of St. Ferdinand contains a tablet with a Latin inscription commemorative of the French and Spanish mathematicians who measured the degree of the meridian here in 1736-41. The chief manufactures of the city are woollens, laces, rugs, carpets, and tobacco. There is also a large export trade in religious oil-paintings.
    The Diocese of Quito was erected by Paul III on 8 Jan., 1545, at the request of Charles V, and made suffragan of Lima. The first bishop was Mgr. Garcidia, who died in 1563. In 1853 the Holy See proceeded to the beatification of Maria Ana de Jesù de Paredes y Flores, the "Lily of Quito" (b. 31 Oct., 1618; d. 26 May, 1645). By the Bull "Nos semper Romanis Pontificibus" of 13 Jan., 1848, Pius IX made Quito a metropolitan see, with the Dioceses of Cuenca and Guayaquil as suffragans, to which have since been added the Sees of Ibarra, Riobambo, Loja, and Portoviejo. The first archbishop, Mgr Francisco Xavier de Garaycos, previously Bishop of Guayaquil, was appointed 5 Sept., 1851. The present archbishop, Mgr Gonsález y Suárez, was born at Quito 2 Jan., 1845; consecrated Bishop of Ibarra, 30 July, 1895; transferred to Quito, 14 Dec., 1905, and entered into possession on 6 July, 1906, succeeding Mgr Pedro Rafael Gonsález (b. at Quito, 14 Oct., 1839; Bishop of Ibarra, 29 Sept., 1876; coadjutor titular Archbishop of Synnade, 15 June, 1893, succeeding to the archbishopric in Aug., 1893). The Archdiocese of Quito includes the provinces of Pichincha, Leén, and Tunguragua, and contains 81 parishes, 195 priests, and 420,560 Catholics. The seminary is in care of the Lazarists.
    WOLF, Geografía y geología del Ecuador (Leipzig, 1893); CEVALLOS, Resumen de la historia del Ecuador (Guayaquil, 1870-89); GONSÁLEZ Y SUAREZ, Historia ecclesiástica del Ecuador (Quito, 1881); MEDINA, La imprenta en Quito (Santiago, 1904); HERRERA, Apuntes para la historia de Quito (Quito, 1874); VELASCO, El reyno de Quito (Quito, 1841-4); Boletín eclesiástico, the official organ of the church province of Quito.
    A.A. MACERLEAN.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Quito — Archdiocese of Quito Archidioecesis Quitensis Location Country Ecuador Territory Province of Pichincha (except the cantons of Puerto Quito, Puerto Vicente Maldona …   Wikipedia

  • Quito, Archdiocese of — • Comprises two dioceses and four sees in Ecuador Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cathedral of Quito — Infobox religious building building name = Cathedral of Quito (La Catedral) infobox width = image size = caption = La Catedral at night map type = map size = map caption = location = Quito, Ecuador geo = latitude = longitude = religious… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Portoviejo — Infobox Diocese| jurisdiction=Archdiocese name= Portoviejo latin=Archidioecesis Portus Veteris country= Ecuador rite=Latin Rite cathedral = Catedral Jesús del Buen Pastor ( Cathedral of Jesus the Good Shepherd ) cocathedral = area= 20,342… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cuenca — Infobox Diocese| jurisdiction=Archdiocese name= Cuenca latin=Archidioecesis Conchensis in Aequatore country= Ecuador rite=Latin Rite cathedral = Catedral Metropolitana de la Inmaculada Concepción ( Metropolitan Cathedral of the Immaculate… …   Wikipedia

  • Quito — Infobox Settlement name = Quito official name = San Francisco de Quito settlement type = City nickname = Luz de América (Light of America) image map caption = Map of Ecuador showing location of Quito subdivision type = Country subdivision type1 …   Wikipedia

  • List of Roman Catholic dioceses (structured view) — The Roman Catholic church in its entirety contains over 3,000 dioceses, 800 archdioceses as well as military ordinaries, Apostolic vicariates, and prefectures around the world. This is a structural list to show the relationships of each diocese… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Roman Catholic dioceses in South America — List of Dioceses: = Antilles Episcopal ConferenceEcclesiastical Province of Port of Spain*Roman Catholic Diocese of Cayenne *Roman Catholic Diocese of Georgetown *Roman Catholic Diocese of ParamariboEpiscopal Conference of ArgentinaEcclesiastical …   Wikipedia

  • List of Roman Catholic dioceses in Ecuador — The Roman Catholic Church in Ecuador comprises four ecclesiastical provinces each headed by an archbishop. The provinces are in turn subdivided into 11 dioceses and 4 archdioceses each headed by a bishop or an archbishop. There are also one… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Diocese of Latacunga — Infobox Diocese| jurisdiction=Diocese name= Latacunga latin= Dioecesis Latacungensis country= Ecuador| metropolitan= Quito rite=Latin Rite cathedral = cocathedral = area= 5,093 population= 351,000 population as of= 2004 catholics= 300,000… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”