Archbishop of Carthage from 388 to 423

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

     Catholic_Encyclopedia Aurelius
    Archbishop of Carthage from 388 to 423. From the title of St. Cyprian, Carthage was one of the foremost sees in Christendom. Its bishop though not formally bearing the title of Primate, confirmed the episcopal nominations in all the plenary councils, which were held almost yearly and signed the synodal letters in the name of all the participants. Such a post Aurelius occupied with destination at a time when Africa held the intellectual leadership in the Church. His episcopate coincided with the last great effort made by the Donatists to uphold a losing cause, and with the first apperance of Pelagianism. Both these crises Aurelius met with equal decision and wisdom. A man of conciliating disposition, and a great lover of peace, his tendency to an indulgent treatment of repentant Donatists was conspicuous in the synodal acts of his own church, and in the plenary councils over which he presided he consistently upheld the same moderate policy. But when the Donatists resorted to rebellion and wholesale murder, he joined his colleagues in appealing to the secular power. He was the first to unmask and denounce Pelagianism. In 412 he excommunicated, and drove from Carthage Caelestinus, the disciple of Pelagius. In 416 he condemned them both, in a synod of sixty-eight bishops of the Proconsulate, and induced Innocent I to brand their two principal errors by defining the necessity of grace and of infant baptism. When Pope Zosimus allowed himself to be deceived by Pelagius's lying professions, he held (4l7) a plenary council of his Africa brethren, and in their names warned the Pontiff who in turn (418) condemned the heresiarchs. Aurelius is mentioned in the African martyrology on 20 July.
    Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Aurelius — [ô rē′lē əs, ô rēl′yəs] Marcus ( Marcus Aurelius Antoninus) A.D. 121 180; Rom. emperor (161 180) & Stoic philosopher …   English World dictionary

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  • Aurelius — /aw ree lee euhs, aw reel yeuhs/, n. Marcus. See Marcus Aurelius. * * * (as used in expressions) Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Symmachus Quintus Aurelius Marcus… …   Universalium

  • Aurelius — (as used in expressions) Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Caesar Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Caesar Marcus Aurelius …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • AURELIUS — I. AURELIUS Episcopus Carthaginenfis. Circa A. C. 400. II. AURELIUS Roman. Imperat. Vide Marcus Aurelius. III. AURELIUS pictor nobilis tempore Augusti Caesaris, Plin. l. 35. c. 10. IV. AURELIUS vide Cornelius …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Aurelius — noun Emperor of Rome; nephew and son in law and adoptive son of Antonius Pius; Stoic philosopher; the decline of the Roman Empire began under Marcus Aurelius (121 180) • Syn: ↑Antoninus, ↑Marcus Aurelius, ↑Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, ↑Marcus… …   Useful english dictionary

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