Alonso Cano
Alonso Cano
    Alonso Cano
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Alonso Cano
    (Or ALEXIS)
    A Spanish painter, architect, and sculptor, b. at Granada, 19 March, 1601; d. there 3 or 5 October, 1667. He received his first lessons in art from his father, Miguel Cano, an architect. Later he studied sculpture under Juan Montanes, and painting under Pacheco and Juan del Castillo. In 1625, when Herrera, the sculptor, was his teacher, he attained great fame by producing three coloured statues, now in the church at Lebrija: "The Virgin and Child", "St. Peter", and "St. Paul". They are all superb pieces of statuary, but the first is a masterpiece, conceived and executed in a noble, classical, simple style that rightly earned for Cano the title of the "Michelangelo of Spain". Besides his single figures in marble, he chiselled many beautiful retables, or monumental altar-pieces.
    Cano went to Madrid in 1637, and through the influence of the Duke of Olivarez and of Velasques, but chiefly because of his own merit, was made Master of the Royal Works, Painter to the King, and first in rank among the instructors of Don Balthasar Carlos. In Madrid he contributed plans for several palaces, city gates, and a triumphal arch for the entrance of Maria Anna of Austria, wife of Philip IV. In 1650 he became architect of the cathedral of Toledo. Cano was suspected of having murdered his wife, and was unjustly condemned and ordered to leave Madrid. He took refuge in Valencia, attained marked success there, painted a "Nativity", and a "St. John" for the city's great church, and entered the Carthusian convent, so as to be able to devote himself wholly to painting, which henceforth occupied him to the exclusion of sculpture. Tardy justice was done him when he returned to Madrid. He was restored to royal favour, but Cano felt that his only surety was in the Church; therefore he took orders and became a resident of Granada. In 1652 Philip IV appointed him a canon in the cathedral of Granada. To the churches of Granada and Malaga he presented many pictures and statues. A councillor of the former city, having ordered a statue of St. Anthony of Padua from Cano, was charged one hundred doubloons, whereat he demurred, saying that the artist was demanding four pistoles per day for twenty-five days' work, which was more than he, Cano's superior, could earn. "It has taken fifty years of study to produce this!" cried Cano, hurling the statue to the pavement. For this indignity to a saint he was suspended by the Chapter of Granada. In 1658 the king restored Cano, and required him to complete a crucifix which the queen had ordered.
    Cano was a greater sculptor than painter, but he would have attained fame as a painter even had he never worked in marble. His earlier work in colour was tentative, eclectic, and of little originality, but his later pictures, which fill the churches of Granada and Malaga, are splendid in drawing, brilliant in a colouring that vividly recalls Van Dyck's, full of imagination, and bold in design. His flesh tints are pure, the pose of his figures is statuesque, the lines are sharp, vigorous, and classical, and he had a profound knowledge of chiaroscuro. Cano led an exemplary life, his great fault being his ungovernable temper; he was industrious, studious, and very generous. It is related of him that, often, when he had no money for alms he would make a drawing for the beggar to sell. His abnormal antipathy to Jews was exemplified on his death-bed when he refused the Sacrament from a priest who had given it to converted Jews. Among his works mention may be made of: "St. Agnes" (Berlin); "The Dead Christ" (Madrid); "Virgin and Child" (St. Petersburg); "St. Anthony of Padua" (Munich); "Madonna and Child", sculpture, in the church of Lebrija (the ancient city of Nebrissa).
    LEIGH HUNT
    Transcribed by Gerald M. Knight

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Alonso Cano — (* 19. März 1601 in Granada; † 3. Oktober 1667 ebenda) war ein spanischer Maler, Bildhauer und Architekt. Cano war in der Baukunst seines Vaters, in der Bildhauerkunst Juan Martínez Montañés und in der Malerei Francisco Pachecos Schüler und hatte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alonso Cano — (Granada, 1601 id., 1667). Escultor, pintor, arquitecto y dibujante español. Su padre, maestro ensamblador, se estableció en 1615 en Sevilla, ciudad en la que se formó Alonso como pintor y escultor en los dos talleres más importantes de la época …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alonso Cano — Alonzo Cano Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cano. Alonzo Cano (19 mars 1601 3 octobre 1667) est un artiste peintre, un architecte et un sculpteur espagnol du Siècle d or originaire de Grenade. Il apprit l architecture par… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Estación de Alonso Cano — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda 40°25′00″N 3°42′12″O / 40.416706, 3.70327 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Apartamento Alonso Cano — (Мадрид,Испания) Категория отеля: Адрес: Virtudes, 22, Шамбери, 28010 Мадри …   Каталог отелей

  • Virgen del Rosario (Alonso Cano) — El lienzo de la Virgen del Rosario, ubicado en la capilla del mismo nombre, en la Catedral de Málaga, es obra del pintor, escultor, arquitecto y diseñador granadino Alonso Cano (1601 1667), el cual residió en la capital malagueña entre 1664 y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • CANO (A.) — CANO ALONSO (1601 1667) Ayant étudié l’architecture avec son père, la sculpture avec Juan Martínez Montañés, le maître de la statuaire polychrome, et la peinture avec Francisco Pacheco chez qui il rencontra Velázquez, c’est une formation… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cano — Cano, Caño oder Canó ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alejandro Cano Ricaud (* 1963), mexikanischer Politiker Alex Caño (* 1983), kolumbianischer Radrennfahrer Alfonso Cano (1948–2011), kolumbianischer Rebell Alonso Cano (1601–1667),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alonso — ist als spanische Form von Alfons ein spanischer männlicher Vorname[1][2] und Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Namensträger 1.1 Vorname 1.2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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