Albert II
Albert II
    Albert II
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Albert II
    (Albrecht II.)
    Eighteenth Archbishop of Magdeburg in Saxony, date of birth unknown; d. 1232. He was the son of Gunther III, Count of Kevernburg, and began his studies at Hildesheim, completing them later at Paris and Bologna. At an early age he was made a prebendary of the Magdeburg cathedral, and in 1200 was appointed Provost of the Cathedral Chapter by Innocent III. Through the influence of the Bishop of Halberstadt, he was nominated as the successor of Ludolph, Archbishop of Magdeburg (d.1205). After receiving the papal approbation, which was at first withheld, partly on account of those who had taken part in his election and partly on his account of his attitude towards Philip of Suabia, Albert proceeded to Rome, where he was consecrated bishop by the Pope (Dec., 1206) and received the pallium. He entered Magdeburg on Palm Sunday, 15 April, 1207, and five days later a conflagration destroyed many of the buildings in the city, including his own cathedral. One of his first cares was to repair the damage wrought by fire, and in 1208 he laid the corner-stone of the present cathedral, which, though completed 156 years later, serves as his most fitting memorial. He likewise rebuilt a large part of the city, and is regarded as the founder of the Neustadt. Magdeburg was also indebted to him for several valuable privileges which he obtained from Otto IV after the death of Philip of Suabia. Albert did much to further the interest of religion. He established the Dominicans (1224), and the Franciscans (1225) in the city, and also founded a convent for women in honour of St. Mary Magdalen.
    But Albert's activity was not confined to his diocese. He also played a prominent part in the great struggle for the imperial crown, which marked the close of the twelfth and the beginning of the thirteenth centuries. Even before his consecration, he had inclined to the side of Philip of Suabia, who sought the crown in spite of his nephew Frederick, the son and heir of Henry VI (d.28 Sept., 1197). But later, accepting the papal "Deliberation", he gave his support to Otto IV, second son of Henry the Lion, who had been set up as anti-king by a party headed by Adolphus of Cologne and crowned at Aix-la-Chapelle. After the assassination of Philip (July, 1208) Albert did much his rival acknowledge as king. Otto proceeded to Rome, accompanied by Albert, where hi was crowned by the Pope on 4 Oct., 1209, and soon after seized Ancona and Spoleto—part of the papal territories. Upon attempting to enter Sicily he was excommunicated by Innocent III (Maundy Thursday, 1211), and his subjects released from their allegiance. Albert, after some hesitation, published the bull of excommunication and thenceforth transferred his allegiance to Frederick II, the Hohenstaufen, son of Henry VI. In 1212 Otto returned to Germany and defied the Pope. The struggles that followed, in which Magdeburg and its neighbourhood suffered severely, did not come to an end until Otto's power was broken at the battle of Bouvines (1214). Albert is said to have died in 1232 during an interval of peace between the Empire and the Papacy.
    Mon. Germ. Hist., XIV, 418, Gesta Archep. Magde; WOLTER, Gesch. der Stadt Magdeburg (1901), 27; FECHTRUP in Kirchenlex.; BARRY, Papal Monarchy, 1902; also articles on Innocent III, Frederick II, Otto IV.
    H.M. BROCK
    Transcribed by Alberto Hernández Banuchi

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Albert II — may refer to:* Albert II, Margrave of Meissen (1240 1314), Margrave of Meissen * Albert II, Count of Gorizia (d. 1304), third Count of Gorizia * Albert II of Austria (1298 ndash;1358), Duke of Austria * Albert II, Duke of Mecklenburg (1318 1379) …   Wikipedia

  • Albert II. — Albert II. ist der Name folgender Personen: Albert II. (Namur) († um 1063), Graf von Namur Albert II. (Belgien) (* 1934), König der Belgier Albert II. (Monaco) (* 1958), Fürst von Monaco Albert II. Krummendiek (* 1417 oder 1418; † 1489), Bischof… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albert II — (né en 1934) roi des Belges dep. 1993. Il succéda à son frère aîné Baudouin Ier, décédé. En 1959, il avait épousé Paola Ruffo di Calabria (née en 1937). GRANDE BRETAGNE Albert (1819 1861) prince de Saxe Cobourg Gotha, époux (1840) de la reine… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Albert II —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents souverains partageant un même nom. Le nom d Albert II a été porté par plusieurs souverains : Albert II, comte de Namur (1018? 1063) Albert II, duc de Brunswick Lunebourg (1279 1318)… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albert II — 1397 1439, king of Germany and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1438 39. * * * ▪ 2006  On April 6, 2005, His Most Serene Highness Albert, hereditary prince of Monaco and marquis of Baux, ascended to the throne of the tiny Mediterranean… …   Universalium

  • Albert II — (1934 )    Albert Felix Humbert Theodore Christian Eugene Marie is the sixth king of the Belgians. He was born in Brussels on 6 June 1934, the younger son of King Leopold III and Queen Astrid. Albert married Princess Paola Ruffo di Calabria of… …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • Albert II — /ˈælbət/ (say albuht) noun 1. born 1934, king of Belgium 1993–2013. 2. (Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre de Grimaldi, Prince of Monaco), born 1958, reigning prince of Monaco since 2005 …   Australian English dictionary

  • ALBERT II —    a successor, who got three crowns Hungary, Bohemia, and the Imperial in one year, and we hope a fourth, says the old historian, which was a heavenly and eternal one, for he died the next year, 1439 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Albert II — n. big born 1934, king of Belgium since 1993 …   From formal English to slang

  • Albert II — 1397 1439, king of Germany and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1438 39 …   Useful english dictionary

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