Abbey of Strahov
Abbey of Strahov
    Abbey of Strahov
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Abbey of Strahov
    A Premonstratensian abbey at Prague, Bohemia, founded in 1149 by Bishop Henry Zdik of Olmütz, Bishop John of Prague, and Prince Ladislaus II. A colony of monks from Steinfeld near Cologne, was brought here, and Gero, a canon of Cologne, became its first abbot. This new abbey in a very short time flourished to such an extent that some of its members were soon appointed bishops of Prague.
    During the twelfth, thirteenth, and fourteenth centuries the abbots of Strahov took keen interest in the public affairs of the kingdom, and their names are often mentioned in public documents and grants of special privileges.
    On 19 Oct., 1259, the abbey was destroyed by fire, but Abbot John I (1250-66) built a new and magnificent church. The monastery suffered greatly during the plundering reign of the king's regent, Otto of Brandenberg and that of Henry of Carinthia. It, however, again flourished under Charles IV. On 8 May, 1420, the Hussites set fire to the buildings, and looted and destroyed everything. The main cause of anger of the fanatics against the abbey was that John Zelezny, Bishop of Leitomischl, a Premonstratensian, was one of the accusers of Hus at the Council of Constance.
    From this time onward Strahov continued to decline, and its lands were gradually stolen and sold, until in 1577 and 1578 not one of its members remained, and the meagre income was turned over tot he chaplain of the Emperor Ferdinand I. Later a Premonstratensian, John Lohelius, who was subsequently became Archbishop of Prague, gathered monks from various monasteries, colonized Strahov anew, infusing into it new phusical as well as spiritual life. Lohelius rebult the church and a greater part of the monastery, and Abbot Caspar of Questenberg (1620-40) completed the work. During the bombardment of Prague in 1842 Strahov suffered greatly; the damage, however, was soon repaired. When the Emperor Joseph II suppressed 58 abbeys in Bohemia, Strahov was saved by a similar fate by Abbot Wenceslaus Mayer (d. 1800), who had won favour even at the hostile Court by the interest that he took in fostering schools and education. Abbot Zikmund Stary (1879-1905) built the new church and improved the old church. The present abbot, Method Zavoral, is a man of great ability as a preacher.
    The monastic Church of the Assumption, built in 1601-1605 by Abbot Lohelius, is beautifully decorated by numerous frescos; the pictures on the arched ceiling symbolize some of the involcations contained in the Litany of the Blessed Virgin, and on the side walls are scenes from the life of St. Norbert. These beautiful frescos are the work of the Prague artist Georg Wilhelm Neuherz (d. 1743). The Chapel of St. Norbert has the saint's Relics in a casket of copper and bronze, richly gilded. The organ is the work of the Strahov monk Lohel Oehlschlägel (d. 1774).
    The monastic library contains upwards of 110,000 volumes, of which 1200 are incunabula. Of these there are about sixty unique volumes. Of the many rare manuscripts the most precious is the "Evangelistarium" of the sixth century, written in uncial letters and still well-preserved. Among others may be mentioned: "Gerlaci Chronicon", Codex Strahoviensis from 1220; the "Pontificale" of Bishop Albert of Sternberg, made in 1376; the "Missale" of the Premonstratensian Abbey of Louky of 1480; the miniature manuscript of the Bible of the thirteenth century, written by a nun of the cloister of Doksany; "Sich's Gradual" of 1610, weighing fifty pounds. The art gallery has the original painting of Dürer's "Blessed Virgin of the Rosary", of 1506, with the master's own portrait; and paintings by Correggio, Van Dyck, Holbein, van Aachen, Reiner, Skréta, Brandl, etc.
    JOS. SINKMAJER
    Transcribed by Susan Clarke

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Strahov Monastery — is a Premonstratensian abbey in Prague. [web cite|url=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14312a.htm|title=Abbey of Strahov|work=Catholic Encyclopedia] [http://www.strahovskyklaster.cz/webmagazine/home.asp?idk=257 Strahovsky klaster] References …   Wikipedia

  • Strahov, Abbey of — • A Premonstratensian abbey at Prague, Bohemia, founded in 1149 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Teplá Abbey — Tepla Abbey ( cz. Klášter Teplá; de. Stift Tepl) is a Premonstratensian abbey in the western part of Bohemia, included in the Archdiocese of Prague; it was founded in 1193 by the blessed Hroznata, a Bohemian nobleman (d. 1217). The first monks… …   Wikipedia

  • Steinfeld Abbey — ( Kloster Steinfeld ) is a former Premonstratensian monastery, now a Salvatorian convent, with an important basilica, in Steinfeld in Kall, North Rhine Westphalia, Germany. History The origins of the site go back to about 920, but the first… …   Wikipedia

  • Johann Lohel — Johann Lohelius (1549 – November 2, 1622), better known as Johann Lohel, was the archbishop of Prague from September 18, 1612 until his death.1913CE|Johann Lohel] Early lifeBorn in 1549 in a poor family, Johann was piously brought up. At fifteen… …   Wikipedia

  • Johann Lohel —     Johann Lohel     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Johann Lohel     (JOHANN LOHELIUS)     Archbishop of Prague, b. at Eger, Bohemia, 1549; d. 2 Nov., 1622. Of poor parentage, he was piously brought up; at fifteen he was engaged as a domestic in the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Norbert of Xanten — For other uses, see St. Norbert (disambiguation). Saint Norbert of Xanten Saint Norbert of Xanten Bishop and Confessor Born c. 1080 Gennep or Xanten, Electorate of Cologne …   Wikipedia

  • Tepl — • A Premonstratensian abbey in the western part of Bohemia Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Tepl     Tepl     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • St. Norbert —     St. Norbert     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Norbert     Born at Kanten on the left bank of the Rhine, near Wesel, c. 1080; died at Magdeburg, 6 June, 1134. His father, Heribert, Count of Gennep, was related to the imperial house of Germany …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Premonstratensian Canons — • Religious order founded in 1120 by St. Norbert Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Premonstratensian Canons     Premonstratensian Canons      …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”