Transylvania
Transylvania
Diocese in Hungary, suffragan of Kalocsa Bács

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Transylvania
    Transylvania
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Transylvania
    (Also TRANSYLVANIENSIS or ERDELY).
    Diocese in Hungary, suffragan of Kalocsa Bács. The foundation of the see is attributed to King St. Stephen, but it was probably established by King St. Ladislaus, patron of Transylvania; Simon (1103-13) was the first bishop. The episcopal residence is at Gyula-Fehérvar (Alba Julia) in Alsó-Fehér.
    The original limits of the diocese varied somehat from the present boundaries, as they included the County of Mármaros, while the provostship of Szeben was exempt and some parts of the Szekler country were subject to the Bishop of Milkovia in Rumania. The bishops received rich donations from King Béla IV, Charles Robert, Louis I, and Sigismund. The diocese suffered greatly during the reign of Béla IV from the Tatar invasion, and during the civil disturbances under his successors, but recovered very quickly in the fourteenth century. The see was again imperilled by the advance of the Turks, but its decay did not set in until the sixteenth centruy, and was caused by the progress of Lutheranism, in consequence of which the exempt provostship of Szeben ceased to exist, and by internal disturbancea in Transylvania. It flourished again under Cardinal Martinuzzi, but after his assassination in 1551 it decayed rapidly. The advance of Protestantism led, in 1556, to the secularization of the see, which was, however, re-established by Prince Stephen Báthory. After the coming of the Jesuits the Catholic Faith flourished again, but only while the house of B&aaucte;thory continued to rule. Bishop Demetrius Náprágyi was forced to leave the see, and in 1601 the cathedral of Gyula-Fehérvár, which had been founded in the thirteenth century, was taken and held by the Protestants (Protestantism) until the eighteenth century, the Catholics not regaining possession of it until the reign of Charles III.
    When the Principality of Transylvania lost its independence, the decrees against the Catholic Church were withdrawn, but the bishopric and chapter were not re-established until 1713. The succession to the see had been kept up regularly till 1713, but the bishops resided abroad. The exempt provostship of Szeben was incorporated in the bishopric, which was completely restored under Maria Theresa in 1771. Of the bishops, who filled the see after 1713, the following may be mentioned: Ignatius Count Batthyany (1780-98), who founded the library at Gyula-Fehérvár, whic is named after him; Alexander Rudnay (1816-19), later Archbishop of Gran; Louis Haynald (1852-64), afterwards Archbishop of Kalocsa. Count Gustavus Majláth has occupied the episcopal see since 1897. The diocese contains: 16 archdeaconries; 10 titular abbeys; 2 titular provostships; 229 parishes; 398 secular priests; 226 regular clergy; 30 monasteries of men and 17 convents of nuns; the Catholics number 354,145. There are 103 patrons. The chapter consista of 10 active members and of 6 titular canons. Catholics are to a certain extent autonomous, i.e., certain church and school matters are managed by mixed boards, parly clerical, partly lay. This autonomy dates back to the time of the Reformation; it ceased in 1767 with the establishment of the Commissio catholica by Maria Theresa, and was re-established as late as 1873. The control is exercised by the general assembly of the Catholic estates and a managing committee.
    PRAY, Specimen hierarchiae Hungariae, II (POZSONY, 1776-9), 202-8: SZEREDAL, Series antiq. et recent. episcop. Transylvaniae (Gyula-Fehervar, 1790); Schematismus diacesis Tr. pro 1909; A katolikus Magyarorszag (i.e. Catholic Hungary) (Budapest, 1902).
    A. ALDASY
    Transcribed by Dorothy Haley In honor of God the Son

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Transylvania — ( ro. Ardeal or ro. Transilvania ; hu. Erdély; Audio de|Siebenbürgen|De Siebenbürgen.ogg, see also other denominations) is a Central European region located in the eastern half of the Carpathian Basin, in present day central Romania. Bounded on… …   Wikipedia

  • TRANSYLVANIA — (Rom. Transilvania or Ardeal; Ger. Siebenbuergen; Hung. Erdély), historic province now forming western romania . Each territorial component of this region has its own history, which has influenced the history of the Jews living among the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Transylvania — steht für Galaxie in der The Rocky Horror Show (1537) Transylvania, Asteroid des Hauptgürtels Transylvania 90210 Songs of Death, Dying and the Dead, Musikalbum von Wednesday 13 Transylvania County, County im US Bundesstaat North Carolina… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • TranSylvania — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Transylvania est le nom anglais de la Transylvanie. Ce nom peut aussi désigner : Transylvania (film) le comté de Transylvania Transylvania (Lousiane) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Transylvania — [tran΄sil vā′nē ə, tran΄silvān′yə] plateau region in central & NW Romania: chief city, Cluj Napoca Transylvanian adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Transylvania — Transylvanian, adj., n. /tran sil vayn yeuh, vay nee euh/, n. a region and former province in central Rumania: formerly part of Hungary. 24,027 sq. mi. (62,230 sq. km). * * * Historic region, northwestern and central Romania. It comprises a… …   Universalium

  • TRANSYLVANIA — Первый концерт группы Transylvania прошел 30 декабря 1995 г. На концерт были приглашены друзья и знакомые музыканты. С этого дня была заложена добрая традиция исполнения попсовых хитов в тяжелом варианте. Начав с новогодней Елочки , в дальнейшем… …   Русский рок. Малая энциклопедия

  • Transylvania — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Transylvania est le nom anglais de la Transylvanie  . Ce nom peut aussi désigner : Cinéma Transylvania un film de Tony Gatlif …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Transylvania — Sp Transilvenija Ap Transylvania L JAV apyg. (Š. Karolina) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Transylvania — or Romanian Transilvania geographical name region W Romania bounded on the N, E, & S by the Carpathians & the Transylvanian Alps; part of Hungary 1867 1918 • Transylvanian adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”