Tapestry
Tapestry
A fabric in which the two processes of weaving and embroidering are combined

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Tapestry
    Tapestry
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Tapestry
    A word of French origin naming a fabric in which the two processes of weaving and embroidering are combined. The woof is not made in the usual way by throwing the threads with a shuttle, but is added to the warp by the aid of a needle carrying a short thread of the colour called for by the design. The fabric produced by this method of work, in which richness of colour and exquisite gradation of tints are easily obtainable, is a mosaic made up of dyed threads. It is used for wall-hangings, floor and furniture coverings. It was so employed by the ancient Egyptians, passing from them through Western Asia to Europe. Here, during the later Middle Ages and the Renaissance the art of the tapiser reached a high state of perfection, more particularly at Arras in France, so much so that arras-work came to be the common designation for all sorts of tapestry, no matter where made. In England, prior to the Reformation, the making of tapestry was the special handicraft of the monastic houses; and their arras-work was in very great demand for reredoses, altar-frontals, antependiums, hearse-cloths, sanctuary carpets, palace wall and choir hangings. They were not only wrought along purely ornamental lines, but more often represented Biblical subjects, incidents in the lives of the saints, historic scenes, or illustrated by symbols some point of Faith.
    Matthew Paris records the fact that, among other ornaments which, in the reign of Henry I, Abbot Geoffrey had made for his Church of St. Albans "were three tapestry reredoses: the first a large one wrought with the finding of the body of St. Alban; the other two figured with the parables of the man who fell among thieves and of the prodigal son". Antedating this gift, the Abbot Egetric gave to the Abbey of Croyland, some time before the year 992, "two large foot-clothes (tapestry-carpets) woven with lions to be laid out before the high altar on great festivals and two shorter ones trailed all over with flowers for the feast days of the Apostles". A number of these early English tapestries, in a good state of preservation, were saved from the vandalism of the first Reformers, but the art of, making tapestry declined before their mistaken zeal, so much so that, when tapestries were wanted to decorate the walls of the House of Lords, representing the defeat of the Spanish Armada, the order had to be placed in Flanders. A number of great artists have made designs for tapestry work, notably Raphael, who, with the assistance of Francisco Penni and Giovanni da Udine, executed the coloured cartoons for the tapestries of wool, silk, and gold that now hang in the Vatican at Rome, the most beautiful in existence. Raphael also prepared cartoons for other tapestries; the last he designed, twelve in number, were made for Francis I of France in 1519. He did not, however, live to finish the cartoons; his pupil, Giulio Romano, completed them. The tapestries made from them now hang in the Vatican, in the apartment of Pius V.
    DE CRAMPEAUX, Tapestry (London, 1878); COLE, Tapestry and Embroidery (London, 1888); GUIFFREY, Histoire de la tapisserie, depuis le moyen âge jusqu'à nos jours (Tours, 1886); THOMSON, A History of Tapestry from the Earliest Times until the Present Day (London. 1906); GENTILI, Arazzi antichi e moderni (Rome, 1897); HAUSER Y MENET, Tapices de la Corona de España (Madrid, 1903); GETZ, A Short Historical Sketch on Tapestry and Embroidery (New York, 1895); RONCHAUD, La tapisserie dans l'antiquité (Paris, 1884); MÜNTZ, La tapisserie (Paris, 1882), tr. DAVIS, A Short History of Tapestry (London, 1886).
    CARYL COLEMAN.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tapestry — is a form of textile art. It is woven by hand on a vertical loom. It is weft faced weaving, in which all the warp threads are hidden in the completed work, unlike cloth weaving where both the warp and the weft threads may be visible. In this way …   Wikipedia

  • Tapestry — Álbum de Carole King Publicación marzo de 1971 Grabación 1971 Género(s) pop / Rhythm Blues Duración …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tapestry — Tap es*try, n.; pl. {Tapestries}. [F. tapissere, fr. tapisser to carpet, to hang, or cover with tapestry, fr. tapis a carpet, carpeting, LL. tapecius, fr. L. tapete carpet, tapestry, Gr. ?, ?. Cf. {Tapis}, {Tippet}.] A fabric, usually of worsted …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tapestry — Tap es*try, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Tapestried}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Tapestrying}.] To adorn with tapestry, or as with tapestry. [1913 Webster] The Trosachs wound, as now, between gigantic walls of rock tapestried with broom and wild roses. Macaulay.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tapestry — steht für: Apache Tapestry, ein Webframework für die Programmiersprache Java Tapestry (Album), ein Musikalbum von Carole King Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichnete …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • tapestry — mid 15c., variant of tapissery (early 15c.), from M.Fr. tapisserie tapestry (14c.), from tapisser to cover with heavy fabric, from tapis heavy fabric, from O.Fr. tapiz (12c.), from V.L. *tappetium, from Byzantine Gk. tapetion, from classical… …   Etymology dictionary

  • tapestry — [tap′əs trē] n. pl. tapestries [LME tapsterie, earlier tapicerie < MFr tapisserie < OFr tapis, a carpet < MGr tapētion < Gr, dim. of tapēs (gen. tapētos), a carpet, prob. < Iran, as in Pers tāftan, to twist, spin < IE * temp… …   English World dictionary

  • tapestry — ► NOUN (pl. tapestries) ▪ a piece of thick textile fabric with pictures or designs formed by weaving coloured weft threads or by embroidering on canvas. DERIVATIVES tapestried adjective. ORIGIN Old French tapisserie, from tapis carpet …   English terms dictionary

  • tapestry — tapestrylike, adj. /tap euh stree/, n., pl. tapestries, v., tapestried, tapestrying. n. 1. a fabric consisting of a warp upon which colored threads are woven by hand to produce a design, often pictorial, used for wall hangings, furniture… …   Universalium

  • Tapestry — Apache Tapestry Тип Веб фреймворк Разработчик Apache Software Foundation Написана на Java Операционная система Кроссплатформенное ПО …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”