Slander
Slander
The attributing to another of a fault of which one knows him to be innocent

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Slander
    Slander
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Slander
    Slander is the attributing to another of a fault of which one knows him to be innocent. It contains a twofold malice, that which grows out of damage unjustly done to our neighbor's good name and that of lying as well. Theologians say that this latter guilt considered in itself, in so far as it is an offence against veracity, may not be grievous, but that nevertheless it will frequently be advisable to mention it in confession, in order that the extent and method of reparation may be settled. The important thing to note of slander is that it is a lesion of our neighbor's right to his reputation. Hence moralists hold that it is not specifically distinct from mere detraction. For the purpose of determining the species of this sin, the manner in which the injury is done is negligible. There is, however, this difference between slander and detraction: that, whereas there are circumstances in which we may lawfully expose the misdeeds which another has actually committed, we are never allowed to blacken his name by charging him with what he has not done. A lie is intrinsically evil and can never be justified by any cause or in any circumstances. Slander involves a violation of commutative justice and therefore imposes on its perpetrator the obligation of restitution. First of all, he must undo the injury of the defamation itself. There seems in general to be only one adequate way to do this: he must simply retract his false statement. Moralists say that if he can make full atonement by declaring that he has made a mistake, this will be sufficient; otherwise he must unequivocally take back his untruth, even at the expense of exhibiting himself a liar. In addition he is bound to make compensation to his victim for whatever losses may have been sustained as a result of his malicious imputation. It is supposed that the damage which ensues has been in some measure foreseen by the slanderer.
    JOSEPH F. DELANY
    Transcribed by Bob Elder

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • slander — slan·der 1 / slan dər/ vt: to utter slander against slan·der·er n slander 2 n [Anglo French esclandre, from Old French escandle esclandre scandal, from Late Latin scandalum moral stumbling block, disgrace, from Greek skandalon, literally, snare,… …   Law dictionary

  • Slander — Slan der, n. [OE. sclandere, OF. esclandre, esclandle, escandre, F. esclandre, fr. L. scandalum, Gr. ??? a snare, stumbling block, offense, scandal; probably originally, the spring of a trap, and akin to Skr. skand to spring, leap. See {Scan},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Slander — Slan der, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Slandered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Slandering}.] 1. To defame; to injure by maliciously uttering a false report; to tarnish or impair the reputation of by false tales maliciously told or propagated; to calumniate. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • slander — n calumny, *detraction, backbiting, scandal Analogous words: defamation, vilification, aspersion, traducing (see corresponding verbs at MALIGN): *abuse, vituperation, invective, obloquy, scurrility slander vb defame, libel, calumniate, *malign,… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • slander — [n] scandalous remark aspersion, backbiting*, backstabbing*, belittlement, black eye*, calumny, defamation, depreciation, detraction, dirt*, dirty linen*, disparagement, hit*, libel, lie, misrepresentation, muckraking, mud*, mud slinging*,… …   New thesaurus

  • slander — [slan′dər] n. [ME sclaunder < Anglo Fr esclaundre (OFr esclandre, escandle) < LL(Ec) scandalum: see SCANDAL] 1. the utterance in the presence of another person of a false statement or statements, damaging to a third person s character or… …   English World dictionary

  • slander — ► NOUN Law 1) the action or crime of making a false spoken statement damaging to a person s reputation. Compare with LIBEL(Cf. ↑libelous). 2) a false and malicious spoken statement. ► VERB ▪ make such statements about. DERIVATIVES slanderer …   English terms dictionary

  • SLANDER — The only instance of defamation in biblical law for which a penalty is prescribed is that of the virgin (Deut. 22:19) – and that defamation is in the nature of a matrimonial stratagem (cf. Deut. 22:16–17) rather than of a specifically defamatory… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • slander — ▪ I. slander slan‧der 1 [ˈslɑːndə ǁ ˈslændər] noun [countable, uncountable] LAW a spoken statement about someone that is not true and is intended to damage the good opinion that people have of him or her, or the legal offence of making a… …   Financial and business terms

  • slander — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ gross (BrE), malicious, vicious, vile VERB + SLANDER ▪ be guilty of ▪ sue sb for …   Collocations dictionary

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