Samosata
Samosata
A titular see in Augusta Euphratensis, suffragan of Hierapolis, capital of Commagenum

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Samosata
    Samosata
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Samosata
    a titular see in Augusta Euphratensis, suffragan of Hierapolis, capital of Commagenum, whose kings were relatives of the Seleucides. The first was Mithridates I Callinicus (d. 96 B.C.); his son and successor, Antiochus I, died before 31 B.C., when the country was governed by Mithridates, an ally of Anthony at Actium; then followed his other son, Antiochus II, whom Octavius summoned to Rome and condemned in 29 B.C. In 20 B.C. Mithridates III became king, then Antiochus III, who died in 17 B.C., in which year Tiberius united Commagenum to the province of Syria. In 38 Caligula gave the province to King Antiochus IV Epiphanes Magnus, afterwards deposed, later restored by Claudius in 41, and deposed again in 72 by Cæsennius Pætus, Governor of Syria. The sons of Antiochus withdrew to Rome and Commagenum passed under Roman administration. A civil metropolis from the days of Emperor Hadrian, Samosata was the home of the sixteenth Legio Flavia Firma and the terminus of several military roads. The native city of Lucian, the philosopher and satirist, and of Paul, Bishop of Antioch in the third century, it had seven martyrs: Hipparchus, Philotheus, etc., who suffered under Maximinus Thrax, and whose "Passion" was edited by Assemani ("Acta SS. martyrum orient. et occident.", II, 124-47; see also Schultess in "Zeitschr. der deutschen morgenlÕndischen Gesellschaft", LI (1897), 379. St. Daniel the Stylite was born in a village near Samosata; St. Rabulas, venerated on 19 February, who lived in the sixth century at Constantinople, was also a native of Samosata. A "Notitia episcopatuum" of Antioch in the sixth century mentions Samosata as an autocephalous metropolis ("Echos d'Orient", X, 144); at the Photian Council of 879, the See of Samosata had already been united to that of Amida or Diarbekir (Mansi, "Conciliorum collectio", XVII-XVIII, 445). As in 586 the titular of Amida bears only this title (Le Quien, "Oriens christianus", II, 994), it must be concluded that the union took place between the seventh and the ninth centuries. Among the earlier bishops may be mentioned Peperius at Nicæa (325); St. Eusebius, a great opponent of the Arians ( see Arianism ), killed by an Arian ( see Arianism ) woman, honoured on 22 June; Andrew, a vigorous opponent of St. Cyril of Alexandria and of the Council of Ephesus (Le Quien, "Oriens christianus", II, 933-6). Chabot gives a list of twenty-eight Jacobite bishops ("Revue de l'Orient chrétien", VI, 203). In February, 1098, the emir Baldoukh, attacked by Baudouin of Antioch, cut his army to pieces there. In 1114 it was one of the chief quarters of the Mussulmans ( see Mohammed and Mohammedanism ) hostile to the Count of Edessa, to whom it succumbed, but was recaptured by the Mussulmans ( see Mohammed and Mohammedanism ) about 1149. At present the ruins of Samosata may be seen at Samsat on the right bank of the Euphrates, in the caza of Husni Mansour and the vilayet of Mamouret-el-Aziz; there are remains of a wall towards the south, traces of the ancient wall dating probably from the first century, and finally the artificial hill on which the fortress was erected.
    SMITH, Dict. of Greek and Roman Geog., s. v.; HUMANN AND PUCHSTEIN, Reisen in Kleintsien u. Nord Syrien (1890), 191; MARQUARDT, Manuel des antiquités romaines, II (Paris, 1892), 340-3; CHAPOT in Bulletin de correspondance hellénique, XXVI, 203-5; IDEM, La frontière de l'Euphrate (Paris, 1907), 269-71.
    S. VAILHÉ
    Transcribed by Vivek Gilbert John Fernandez

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Samosata — ( hy. Շամշատ, Shamshat) was an ancient city on the right (west) bank of the Euphrates whose ruins existed at the modern city of Samsat, Adıyaman Province, Turkey until the site was flooded by the newly constructed Atatürk Dam. The founder of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Samosata — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Samosata (en armenio Շամշատ, Šamšat; en griego antiguo Σαμόσατα, Samósata) fue una antigua ciudad situada en la margen derecha (occidental) del río Éufrates, cuyas ruinas existieron junto a la moderna ciudad turca de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Samosăta — (a. Geogr.), feste Hauptstadt von Kommagene (Syrien) u. im 1. Jahrh. n. Chr. Residenz der Könige von Kommagene, mit Citadelle, am westlichen Ufer des Euphrats, über welchen sich hier einer der gewöhnlichen Übergänge befand. Zur Zeit der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Samosăta — (syrisch Schamischat), im Altertum vom Verfall des Seleukidenreichs an bis 72 n. Chr. Residenz der Könige von Kommagene (s. d.), am westlichen Ufer des Euphrat gelegen, Vaterstadt Lukians und im 3. Jahrh. Sitz des ketzerischen, auf dem Konzil zu… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Samosata — Samosăta, alte Hauptstadt der syr. Prov. Kommagene, r. am Euphrat, jetzt Samsat im türk. Wilajet Diarbekr …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • SAMOSATA — Asiae minoris seu Syriae urbs ad Euphratem, Commagenes metropolis admodum munita, Luciani bsasphemi, tandem a canibus dilaniati, et Pauli Antiochi episcopi, blasphemi in Christum et haeretici, patria. Adeo Orthodo xis fuit addicta, ut Euselbiô… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Samosata — 37.5538.5 Koordinaten: 37° 33′ 0″ N, 38° 30′ 0″ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Samosata — noun An ancient city that was located in Syria near the banks of the Euphrates …   Wiktionary

  • Samosata — (actual Samsat) ► Antigua c. de Siria, situada a orillas del Éufrates (hoy en territorio turco). Fue sucesivamente c. hitita, asiria, cap. del reino de Comagene y, más tarde, de una prov. romana …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Samosata —    City located at a strategic crossing of the upper Euphrates River (q.v.). It is mentioned in the wars with Persia (q.v.). Julian (q.v.), for example, used it as a naval station in his Persian campaign of 363. Once occupied by the Arabs (q.v.)… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”