Samos
Samos
Titular see, suffragan of Rhodes in the Cyclades. The island, called in Turkish Soussan-Adassi, is 181 sq. miles in area and numbers 55,000 inhabitants, nearly all of whom are Greek schismatics

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Samos
    Samos
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Samos
    Titular see, suffragan of Rhodes in the Cyclades. The island, called in Turkish Soussan-Adassi, is 181 sq. miles in area and numbers 55,000 inhabitants, nearly all of whom are Greek schismatics. There are nevertheless some Catholics dependent on the Latin Bishop of Chios and two convents of Fathers of the African Missions of Lyons and of Sisters of St. Joseph. Since 1832 the island has constituted an autonomous principality, governed by an Ottoman Greek appointed by the Porte and recognized by England, France, and Russia. Samos was first inhabited by the Leleges, Carians, and Ionians, the latter being very active and given to navigation. Its greatest prosperity was attained under the tyrant Polycrates (536-522 B.C.) at whose court the poet Anacreon lived. The philosopher Pythagoras (b. at Samos) seems to have lived at the same time; Æsop also stayed there for a long time. At the assassination of Polycrates Samos passed under Persian domination, and, about 439 B.C., participated in the Greek confederation especially with Athens. This city, under Pericles, took it by force. Henceforth it had various fortunes, until the Romans, after pillaging it, annexed it in A.D. 70. It was included in the Province of the Isles. Under the Byzantines Samos was at the head of a maritime theme or district. It was captured and occupied in turn by Arabian and Turkish adventurers, the Venetians, Pisans, Genoese, and Greeks, and the Turks in 1453. These various masters so depopulated it that in 1550 Sultan Soliman had transported thither Greek families, whence sprang the present population. From 1821 to 1824 Samos had a large share in the war of independence and won several victories over the Turks. Among its bishops Le Quien (Oriens Christ., I, 929-32) mentions: Isidore I, at the beginning of the seventh century; Isidore II, in 692; Heraclius, in 787. Stamatriadès (Samiaca, IV, 169-255) gives a fuller list including two aged bishops, Anastasius and George. St. Sabinianus, b. at Samos and martyred under Aurelian, is venerated on 29 January, at Troyes in Champagne; there is also a St. Leo, d. at Samos, venerated on 29 April, but he seems very legendary. At first a suffragan of Rhodes, Samos was an autocephalous archdiocese in 1730; in 1855 it was a metropolitan see as at present, dependent on the Greek Patriarch of Constantinople. In I Mach., xv, 23, the Roman senate makes known to Samos (Samus) the decree favourable to the Jews. St. Paul stayed there for a short time (Acts, xx, 15).
    SMITH, Dict. of Greek and Roman Geog., s. v.; ROSEN, Reison auf den griech. Inseln (Stuttgart, 1843), 139-150; LACROIX, Iles de la Grèce (Paris, 1853), 214-58; GUÉRIN, Description de l'île de Patmos et de l'île de Samos (Paris, 1856), 123-324; GUINET, La Turque d'Asie, I, 498-523; STAMATIADÈS, Samiaca (5 vols., in Greek, Samos, 1886); BURCHNER, Das ionische Samos (Amberg, 1892; Munich, 1896).
    S. VAILHÉ
    Transcribed by Vivek Gilbert John Fernandez Dedicated to the above mentioned, poets, mathematicians and philosophers.

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • samos — samos …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Sámos — Samos Samos Stadt Gewässer Mittelmeer Inselgruppe Südliche Sporaden …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Samos — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para el municipio de la provincia española de Lugo, véase Samos (Lugo). El mapa muestra la ubicación de la prefectura en Grecia. Samos (griego Σάμος) es una isla de Grecia, situada en el Mar Egeo. Pertenece al… …   Wikipedia Español

  • SAMOS — Une des plus grandes îles de la côte occidentale de l’Asie Mineure. Lors de la migration ionienne de la fin du SAMOS IIe millénaire, elle fut occupée par des Grecs venus du continent. Très vite, elle allait connaître un rapide développement… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Samoš — Самош L église orthodoxe serbe de Samoš Administratio …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Samoš — (Serbian: Самош, ro. Samoş) is a village in Serbia. It is situated in the Kovačica municipality, in the South Banat District, Vojvodina province. The village has a Serb ethnic majority and its population numbering 1,247 people (2002… …   Wikipedia

  • Samos — Greek island in the Aegean, from Old Gk. samos a height. Man references to it are as the birthplace of Pythagoras …   Etymology dictionary

  • Samos — (Samo), türk. Susam Adassi, Insel an der Westküste von Kleinasien, 468 qkm, (1902) 53.424 meist griech. orthodoxe E., von einem Gebirgszuge (bis 1440 m) durchzogen, in den Ebenen fruchtbar; Handel s. Beilage: ⇒ Asien; Ausfuhr: Wein, Leder, Öl,… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Samos — Samos, Sisam, Insel im Archipel, eine der sog. Sporaden, von der jonischen Küste durch eine Meerenge getrennt, 81/2 QM. groß, gebirgig, erzeugt Südfrüchte, Wein u. Seide, hat 30000 E. S. wurde von Ioniern colonisirt, frühe eine Handels und… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • šamos — statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Copsychus angl. shama vok. Dajal, f; Schama, f rus. сорочья славка, f; шама дрозд, m pranc. merle shama, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – kiauliukės siauresnis terminas – baltabruvė šama… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”