Salamis
Salamis
A titular see in Cyprus. Salamis was a maritime town on the eastern coast of Cyprus, situated at the end of a fertile plain between two mountains, near the River Pediaeus

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Salamis
    Salamis
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Salamis
    A titular see in Cyprus. Salamis was a maritime town on the eastern coast of Cyprus, situated at the end of a fertile plain between two mountains, near the River Pediaeus. It was already an important centre in the sixth century B.C. Its foundation is attributed to Teucer, son of Telamon, King of the Island of Salamis, opposite Attica; others believe it to be of Phoenician origin and derive its name from the Semitic selom, peace. Its fine harbour, its location, and fortifications made it the chief city of the island. In the sixth century B.C. it had kings, allies of the princes of Cyrene; one of them, Gorgus, refused to join in the Ionian revolt, and was expelled by his brother, who took command of the troops of Salamis and the other cities; the battle was fought before Salamis, which fell again into the power of Gorgus. It was besieged by Anexicrates, the successor of Cimon. After the peace of Antacidas, the Persians had to fight for ten years against the valiant king Evagoras, whose panegyric was composed by Isocatres. It was at Salamis in 306 B.C. that the greatest naval battle of antiquity was fought, Demetrius I, Poliorcetes, defeating the Graeco-Egyptian fleet of Ptolemy I. In 295 B.C. Salamis passed under the sway of the kings of Egypt, and in 58 B.C. under that of Rome, at which time it possessed all the eastern portion of the island. When St. Paul landed at Salamis with Barnabas and John, surnamed Mark, returning from Seleucia, there were several synagogues, and it was there he began the conversion of the island (Acts, xiii, 5). Salamis was destroyed by earthquakes, and was rebuilt by Constantius II (337-61), who called it Constantia. It was destroyed by the Arabs in 647 or 648. Its unimportant ruins are near the village of Hagios Sergios, a little north of Famagusta. After its destruction the inhabitants and clergy betook themselves to Famagusta, which became and for a long time remained the residence of the archbishops. At present they reside at Nicosia. In the article on Cyprus (q. v.) are mentioned the principal bishops of Salamis or Constantia; the list of these prelates is given in Le Quien, "Oriens christianus", II, 1043 seq., and more fully in Hackett, "A History of the Orthodox Church of Cyprus" (London, 1901), 651.
    SMITH, Dict. Of Greek and Roman Geog.; ENGEL, Kypros, eine Monographie, I (Berlin, 1841), 89; DI CENNOLA, Cypern (London, 1877); IDEM, Salaminia (2nd ed., London, 1884); VON LOHER, Cypern (Stuttgart, 1878); FILLION in VIGOUROUX, Dict. De la Bible, s. v. Salamine.
    S. PÉTRIDÈS
    Transcribed by Stan Walker To Lynnette Benton for Christmas, 1998

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • Salamis — may refer to* Salamis Island in the Saronic Gulf of the Aegean Sea, near Athens, Greece * Battle of Salamis, fought at Salamis Island in 480 B.C. * Salamis (butterfly) , a genus of butterfly in the family Nymphalidae * Salamis (mythology), a… …   Wikipedia

  • Salamis — Salamis,   griechisch Salamịs,    1) antike Hafenstadt an der Ostküste von Zypern, nördlich von Famagusta. Mythischer Gründer ist Teukros. Bedeutendstes Stadtkönigtum auf Zypern (11. 4. Jahrhundert v. Chr.). Salamis stand zunächst unter… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Salămis — (a. Geogr.), 1) Insel im Saronischen Meerbusen, Eleusis gegenüber, zu Attika gehörig u. 4/5 QM. groß; im Nordwesten das Vorgebirge Budoron mit Castell, auf der östlichen Spitze das Tropäum wegen des hier gegen die Perser erfochtenen Sieges, im… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Salamis — Salamis, 1) reichgegliederte Felsinsel an der Küste von Attika (s. Karte »Umgebung von Athen«), im Saronischen Meerbusen (Golf von Ägina), Eleusis gegenüber, von Attika und Megaris durch einen schmalen Sund getrennt, jetzt vom Volke wegen ihrer… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Salamis — Salamis, jetzt Koluri, kleine griech. Insel Athen gegenüber, bekannt durch den Seesieg der Griechen über die Perser 23. Sept. 449 v. Chr …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Salamis — SALAMIS, ínis, des Asopus Mutter, von welcher die Insel Salamin den Namen haben soll. Pausan. Att. c. 35. p. 65. Ihr Gemahl war Panopeus. Phanodemus ap. Nat. Com. l. VIII. c. 13. Es scheint aber, daß solche Insel den Namen vielmehr von ihrer… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • SALAMIS — nomen poematis a Solone compositi, de quo sic Iustinus l. 2. c. 7. Inter Athenienses et Megarenses de proprietate Salaminae insulae prope usque interitum armin dimicatum est. Post clades multas capital esse apud Athenienses coepit, si quis legem… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Salamis — [sal′ə mis; ] Gr [ sä΄lä mēs′] island of Greece, in the Saronic Gulf: 39 sq mi (101 sq km) …   English World dictionary

  • Salamis — temora …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Salamis — Salaminian /sal euh min ee euhn/, adj. /sal euh mis/; Gk. /sah lah mees /, n. 1. an island off the SE coast of Greece, W of Athens, in the Gulf of Aegina: Greeks defeated Persians in a naval battle 480 B.C. 20,000; 39 sq. mi. (101 sq. km). 2. an… …   Universalium

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