Rose Window
Rose Window
A circular window, with mullions and traceries generally radiating from the centre, and filled with stained glasses

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Rose Window
    Rose Window
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Rose Window
    A circular window, with mullions and traceries generally radiating from the centre, and filled with stained glasses. The term is suggested by the fancied resemblance of the window with its traceries to the rose and its petals. The rose window is one of the most beautiful and characteristic features of medieval architecture, especially of the French Gothic, in which it achieved its most perfect development. Its origin is to be found in the Roman oculus. During the Romanesque period the oculus became a window, and from about the middle of the twelfth century its dimensions began to increase with the development of gothic of Gothic architecture. By the middle of the thirteenth century it had attained the greatest possible size — the entire width of the nave. Its possible size — the entire width of the nave. Its splendour continued in France until the misfortunes of the later fourteenth and fifteenth centuries prevented the construction of large churches. The most beautiful examples of rose windows are to be found in the Ile de France and the adjoining provinces, Picardy and Champagne. The earliest important examples are the west rose of the Cathedral of Mantes (c. 1200); the west rose of Notre Dame of Paris (c. 1220), the most beautiful of all, and those of Laon and Chartres. In al these cases the rose was put under a circular arch. The next important step was to put it under a pointed arch, as was done in the beautiful rose windows of the Cathedral of Reims, 1230, as well in the transepts as in the later roses of the facade. Thereupon the rose was inscribed in square, with pierced spandrils as in the transepts of Notre Dame of Paris (1257). The last step was to place the rose in the tier of lower windows, in which case it became the centre of a vast window composition, covering the whole end of the transepts, as in Rouen Cathedral.
    In England the use of the rose window was usually confined to the transepts, although roses of great span were constructed in Byland Abbey and in the east front of Old St. Paul's, London. In Germany it was more frequently used as well in the Romanesque as in the Gothic period; a fine example is in the facade of the Cathedral of Strassburg. In Italy it was particularly used by the Lombard architects, as in San Zeno, Verona, and in the Cathedral of Modena, and in the Tuscan Gothic churches like the Cathedrals of Siena and Orvieto. These rose were always filled with stained glasses of great beauty, adding not a little to the picturesque effect of the interior of the cathedral.
    G. KRIEHN
    Transcribed by Michael C. Tinkler

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rose window — Rose Rose, n. [AS. rose, L. rosa, probably akin to Gr. ?, Armor. vard, OPer. vareda; and perhaps to E. wort: cf. F. rose, from the Latin. Cf. {Copperas}, {Rhododendron}.] 1. A flower and shrub of any species of the genus {Rosa}, of which there… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rose window — noun count a round window in a church with a pattern in the shape of a rose …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • rose window — rose windows N COUNT A rose window is a large round stained glass window in a church …   English dictionary

  • rose window — ► NOUN ▪ a circular window with mullions or tracery radiating in a form suggestive of a rose …   English terms dictionary

  • rose window — n a circular window in a church, especially one with coloured glass in it …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • rose window — n. a decorative circular window with a roselike symmetrical pattern of tracery divided by mullions arranged like the spokes of a wheel …   English World dictionary

  • Rose window — A Rose window (or Catherine window) is often used as a generic term applied to a circular window, but is especially used for those found in churches of the Gothic architectural style and being divided into segments by stone mullions and tracery.… …   Wikipedia

  • rose window — a circular window decorated with tracery symmetrical about the center. Cf. wheel window. [1765 75] * * * In Gothic architecture, a decorated circular window, often glazed with stained glass, that first appeared in mid 12th century cathedrals. It… …   Universalium

  • rose window — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms rose window : singular rose window plural rose windows a round window in a church with a pattern in the shape of a rose …   English dictionary

  • rose window — noun circular window filled with tracery • Syn: ↑rosette • Hypernyms: ↑window * * * noun, pl ⋯ dows [count] : a circular window in a church that is made from stained glass with a decorative pattern * * * ˌrose ˈwindow f24 [rose window …   Useful english dictionary

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